Plagiarism to the students is a person’s who appropriation of ideas, results, methods, and words written by other authors without mentioning them in the sources. And writing it in his own research without referring to the original author of each of them. And hence the person is considered a literary and intellectual thief.
The circulation of the same idea of the topic that the writer is looking for in many websites, books, magazines and other sources has facilitated the way for the writer to carry out intellectual theft with the difficulty of detecting it due to the paraphrasing that the writer or researcher makes during his research writing process. The necessity of the student’s acknowledgment and recognition of using other work or ideas does not apply only to texts.
But also to other means such as illustrations and graphs, and this applies to every published or unpublished and transmitted text. Whether from a book, newspaper or magazine. Whether the statements come from a lecture, theses or articles, this should be acknowledged in its place. The best way to avoid plagiarism or falling under the penalty of cheating or academic or literary theft is for the student to learn. And apply the principles of good practice from the first day he set foot in the university. Unleash his work to the best he can be.
As a teacher, if you want to help students turn in their work and research without committing any kind of plagiarism, you need to understand the real reasons why they resort to plagiarism
- Literal transfer, which is when the student transfers word for word without explicitly declaring it in its place. Quotations must be specific and explained with quotation marks, in addition also to mentioning the source in detail to not leave any doubt.
- Literal transfer from the Internet, which is for the student to extract a complete text from the Internet and transfer it as it is in his paper without authorizing this in the index.
- Paraphrasing, which is for the student to paraphrase someone else's work by changing some words or keeping the text structure as it came in the original. Simply passing on the name of the original employer through the quoted and paraphrased text is not enough. As the student must not create a false impression that the formulation or even the sequence of ideas are all his production.
- Collusion, this may mean unacceptable or authorized cooperation between two students to benefit one or both of the work of the other. And failure to strictly adhere to the rules of teamwork. Especially with regard to academic projects, may lead the student under penalty of cheating and plagiarism. Which requires a disciplinary violation.
- The use of scientific material for other people and attributing it completely to oneself. Is considered plagiarism, and a student may think that he can use the entire work of another person from the same university or another one and present it as his own work. But this is impossible in reality because of the ease of access to The source when the text is subjected to analysis.
There are many reasons that explain the importance of a student avoiding plagiarism during the educational process. The first and not least of which is that the student is registered at the university in order to learn to talk about what is on his mind. Not to quote, adopt or attribute the work of others to himself.
At first, it may seem that it is difficult for the student to develop his opinions and ideas. Or to have his own opinions at first. And he may resort to quoting and quoting from the works of others as a kind of approach between them. Also his argument and attributing it to himself as if it is from the core of his thoughts. In any case, the most important thing is for the student to learn to develop himself and to speak in his own voice. Not to adopt the voice of others. Critic, and the student must balance and compare his argument with the argument of others. And then reach his own results. The student must be ambitious to present and produce his best work of high quality.
Also, the student must work hard and persevere in writing articles or scientific research without resorting to plagiarism. Because in doing so the student may be exposed to legal authority as a result of plagiarism. And all this fall on the teacher’s responsibility in how to teach students to write their articles and research correctly
The first and main reason: is simply that most students do not know what plagiarism is. They have an incorrect view, that anything published in the year is considered common property. Therefore, the first step towards confronting plagiarism is raising awareness of it. And introducing what can be done to keep students away from plagiarism in their work.
The second reason for plagiarism is the need to achieve “excellence” at work as a result of pressure from parents or colleagues. Feeling pressure because they must reach higher levels of their actual abilities. And competence push them to transfer from other sources and claim that they are their own. Working with students to improve their skills, support their studies. And reassert their confidence in their abilities helps them stay away from plagiarism.
The third of these reasons that students may resort to plagiarism is their inability to manage time well. Sometimes students lack research skills, or are unable to find appropriate materials to complete their work. And this may tempt them to quickly search for any content on the Internet. And incorporate it into their work as their own to complete their mission. So, help your students realistically assess their time and effort.
Another reason for students to resort to plagiarism is that they do not feel the value of the work they are doing. If the work to be done does not count towards the grades. There are chances that they will not give it proper attention. It is then that copying and using someone else's work as if theirs were their own choice.
An appropriate way to deal with such situations is to help students understand that their academic training will help develop their skills in research work, problem-solving and analytical skills. And help them stimulate perseverance and commitment.
Universities and educational institutions take plagiarism seriously and consider it a dishonorable and dangerous behavior on the educational process. The efficiency of its graduates and its reputation in the first place. Every educational institution has adopted a strict audit system for the seriousness of this phenomenon. And therefore, the penalties in this case extend between a student’s grade deduction to the final dismissal from the university. The penalty depends on the nature and severity of the case presented to the evaluation committee formed to consider this matter. The penalty may be even if the plagiarism was unintentional.
Initially, the case is transferred to a group of observers for examination and investigation. And this committee will call the student to account. If there is no evidence of a violation or breach of any kind of the rules and regulations in force in this regard, there will be no disciplinary action. But there may be Academic punishment. But if the committee is in the conscience that a violation has been committed. The observers will transfer the case to the disciplinary committee. In which case the student must resort to the student office. Which will undertake the task of assisting the student and attending with him during the hearings.
In the end, there will be plagiarism intentionally. And the motive may be the pleasure of the rebellion or because they are not interested in the matter. And they may continue to believe that the information should remain available to all and be dealt with completely free and without restrictions.
Therefore, students should be obligated to adhere to the school’s guiding framework in all their academic work. As this will help them be careful to avoid falling into plagiarism, whether in or outside the school.
We invite everyone to carefully read the student’s guide at the university in which the student is registered and understand what is in it to avoid falling into plagiarism. And it may have a negative impact on their academic future. With ominous consequences and what the student does not satisfy or wish for. Also let us all know that plagiarism is a reprehensible that all educational institutions deal with strictly on the grounds that it is a serious violation.
And let us all know that every institution has rules and regulations that may differ in some of them from other institutions. And that no student should be dependent on obtaining ready-made information. Also, that he can always guide and assist the academic supervisor, and not be the last to know.
Remember, you hold the key to helping your students appreciate their own work efforts as well as appreciate and respect the work of others.
With greetings: Al - Manara Consulting to help researchers and graduate students